Our way of life is based on the indigenous cultural ways of the Gaelic people before the heavy influence of foreign customs and cultural institutions, and our faith is based largely off of the faith of our ancestors prior to the coming of Christianity. While ours is a living way of life, it is rooted in a mixture of folklore, customs, superstitions, etc. combined with a great deal of research. This research into our legends, lore and the archeological information and studies are important in filling the gaps of cultural knowledge created by those aspects that were lost over the years. Such research is also critical in the recovery of native Gaelic beliefs, as such beliefs have been relegated to folklore and superstition for over a thousand years. In order to counter the massive volume of misinformation that has cropped up over the years, it is important to have solid academic research to back up arguments. In addition, for the independent folk who have no tuath or family lore from which to learn, there is only the research they can do on their own from which to rebuild their culture.
The following are just a fraction of a percent of the resources available for research, but these articles and sites, as well as the reference books listed below, are a good starting point. More articles will be added as they are written, and older articles are being updated and re-posted as the authors get to them.
Legends and Tales
Much of our lore and cultural traditions are preserved in the many tales and legends that were recorded by early Irish monks. These manuscripts, combined with other resources such as anthropological evidence and archeology, provide a window into the lives and beliefs of our ancestors. It is from these tales and legends that we extrapolate many of the foundations of our religious beliefs and some elements of our moral code, so in a way, they are to us what the Gospels are to the Christians (though not as fanatically enforced). In these tales, we see the great heroes- CuChullain, Fion Mac Cumhail, Fergus Mac Roith, and many more, and they inspire us to meet the standards they set.
Táin Bó Cúalnge, Translated by Joseph Dunn and Ernst Windisch
Scél Mucci Mic Dathó, Translated by Nora Chadwick
Cath Mag Tuired, Translated by Elizabeth A. Gray
Táin Bó Cúalnge, Translated by Joseph Dunn
The Destruction of Dá Derga's Hostel, Translated by Whitely Stokes, D.C.L.
Heroic Romances of Ireland, Translated and Compiled by A. H. Leahy
Cuchulain of Muirthemne, By Lady Augusta Gregory
Gods and Fighting Men: The Story of the Tuatha De Danaan and of the Fianna of Ireland, By Lady Augusta Gregory
Táin Bó Cúalnge (from the Book of Leinster), Translated by Elizabeth A. Gray, edited by Cecile O'Rahilly
Buile Suibhne (The Frenzy of Suibhne), Translated by J. G. Ó Keeffe
Much of our lore comes from a variety of manuscripts that are generally only available to scholars. By a stroke of great luck, many have been translated and large parts put online. These manuscripts represent the core of our research, and are vital in helping us learn about our ancestors. Though written by Christian monks, and being very Christocentric in many ways, a smart scholar can remove the veneer and see the older tales beneath.
Lebar na Núachongbála, The Book of Leinster
Lebor na nUidre, The Book of the Dun Cow
Leabhar Baile an Mhota, The Book of Ballymote
Leabhar Mór Mhic Fhir Bhisigh, The Great Book of Lecan
Leabhar Buidhe Lecain, The Yellow Book of Lecan
Leabhar Feirmoithe, The Book of Fermoy
Some of the tales above are found on the following sites, as are various items of wisdom and information. These sites are among some of the best on the net, some featuring exact translations of the original manuscripts, and others having a great deal of information on language and law.
CELT, the Corpus of Electronic Texts, Featuring the many Annals, several of the tales, and a wealth of Irish literarature.
Law, Literature, and Legend, Featuring an overview of the Brehon Laws and the Fenechas, as well as postulations on integrating them into modern life.
Dalriada Celtic Heritage Trust, Featuring multiple resources, some free, some pay, used to educate the public in all aspects of Celtic languages, culture and tradions.
Sacred Texts: Celtic Folklore, Featuring many of the tales above, plus other information and tales from the extant Celtic nations written or compiled by multiple authors.
The Gaelic Homepage, Featuring information on Gaelic and other Celtic languages.
Medieval Irish Poetry, Featuring translations of Irish poetry and information on the poetic forms used.
A (much) Smaller Social History of Ancient Ireland , Featuring brief overviews of the ancient government, military, law, religion, art, and customs of the ancient Irish people. Abridged form of the larger book.
Celtic Literature Collection: Irish Texts, Featuring manuscripts and tales from throughout the surviving lore of the Gael Éireannach.
Language Resources, Online
To truly understand the Gaelic people and their worldview, one must know the basics of our language at the very least. Our mindset is explicit in the wondrous and complex languages we speak. The following are websites that help teach the basics of the Irish language and assist in learning.
Irish Lessons Online- 125 lessons on basic Gaeilge by the Irish People.
Eo Feasa- Irish lessons starting at Level 1, basic level for beginners.
Fearghal Mag Uiginn- An Irish lesson course that provides you with the basics of the lrish language in a fifteen week course.
Cáemgen's Irish Lesson Videos- An online video series of Cáemgen's Irish lessons that will increase as more video's are posted. Cáemgen is the first Sinsearaí to put together videos of language lessons, so bravo to him!
Daltaí na Gaeilge- Daltaí's pages forIrish Grammar and Vocabulary
Interactive Irish Lessons- Online lessons and other resources as well as sound files.
Foclóir Gaeilge/Béarla I- Irish/English Dictionary I. May or may not register fadas properly due to poor coding in HTML.
Foclóir Gaeilge/Béarla II- Irish/English Dictionary II by An Chrannóg.
Foclóir Gaeilge/Béarla III- Irish/English Dictionary III, including technical and advanced terms.
Gaeilge Word Lookup- In Gaeilge, enter a Gaeilge word into the text box and it will present the singular and plural, genitive and vocative forms of that word. Handy for more advanced students.
Irish Gaelic Translator- Due to the complexity of the Irish language, no computer translator exists to do online translations. IGT is a forum of volunteer Gaeilge-speakers and students who assist in basic translations.
Foghlaim na Gaeilge ar an Idirlíon- Irish Gaelic learners' material on the Internet, multiple links to further pages.
Gàidhlig Word Translator- Set for beurla (English) words to be entered into the box and translated to Gàidhlig (Scottish).
Faclair Gàidhlig/Beurla- Scottish/English Dictionary.
Language Resources, Books and Audio
To further the study of the Gaelic languages, many books and audio resources are available, as are CD ROM programs. The following are sources for written, audio, and multimedia materials that help teach the basics of the Irish language and assist in learning.
Fios Feasa- Manufacturer of Gaeilge lessons for children and adults alike. Many products available.
Cló Iar-Chonnachta- Another company selling Irish language resource material and books in Irish.
Teach Me Irish- A multimedia program that teaches basic Irish fluency and comprehension.
Teach Me Celtic- For the REAL dedicated, a package of multimedia programs that teach basic fluency and comprehension in all of the Celtic languages- Gaeilge, Gàidhlig, Welsh, Cornish, and Breton.
Litriocht.com- The largest Irish-language bookshop on the World Wide Web, including textbooks and many many Irish-language sourcebooks.
Irish Language Media
Reading Irish books and studying Gaeilge lessons help a great deal, but they need to be backed by use and exposure to native speakers. This is best accomplished by a direct hands-on approach in the Gaeltacht, but when this is not possible, Irish audio and video media is of great value. The following are Irish media links to various radio and television resources.
Raidió na Gaeltachta- The famous national Irish language public broadcasting radio station.
Live Ireland Radio- Featuring Gaeilge and Bearla (English) programming, music, and live streaming television.
Raidió na Life- 106.4 FM in Dublin, catering to the Irish-speaking communities in Éire and around the world through streaming audio.
TG4-Irish-language television, including streaming video (subscription service, not free), catering to the Irish-speaking communities in Éire and around the world.